By its worldview, Isamaa Faction is rightist and conservative, and its policies are first of all based on defending the national interests and the security of Estonia.
Isamaa Faction of the 14th Riigikogu has 12 members.
For long periods, Isamaa has born the responsibility of being a partner in the government coalition of Estonia, and thus Faction Isamaa is one of the factions of the Riigikogu that have influenced the life in Estonia the most. The main role of the faction has been to stand for the bills that protect national interests, promote open economy and guarantee high-quality education that is available to all. The priorities of Faction Isamaa are the survival of the state, and the birth more children in Estonia, who could grow up in happy and well-off families.
Isamaa was the initiator of the bill on national maintenance allowance fund, according to which the government guarantees the paying of maintenance support to parents who are raising their children alone. Before that, Isamaa initiated the establishing of the parental pension, thanks to which, since 2013, pension supplement for raising a child will be added to the old age pension, the pension for incapacity for work and the survivor’s pension.
For many years, Faction Isamaa stood for the administrative reform of Estonia. The latest version of the reform is called “Estonia of Attraction Centres”. The faction has also initiated a number of bills that decentralise public administration, and considers it necessary to continue carrying out the state reform in order to reduce bureaucracy and make the administration of the state more effective. Under the auspices of Isamaa, several state agencies have been transferred from the capital to the county centres. For example, the Ministry of Education and Research was moved to Tartu and the Rural Development Foundation to Viljandi.
After the Pro Patria Union and Res Publica united in 2006, the political priorities of the party became broader and the aims it has set have a wider social base. Besides economic and defence issues, the policies of Isamaa focus on increase of population, improvement of living standard, and the availability and quality of education. Isamaa is associated with long-term perspective, because Isamaa keeps in mind the impact of today’s decisions in a more distant future.
The national conservative policy of the party has largely been aimed at developing and reforming economy, national defence and education. The leading members of the party have named Margaret Thatcher, who as the Prime Minister of Great Britain carried out painful reforms that brought along great economic growth, as their great example.
Political priorities in the near future
The activities of the faction focus on ensuring high-quality education in Estonian in every region of Estonia. Access to high-quality education is the basis for Estonia’s competitiveness. Isamaa also values family as the pillar of society, taking steps to increase the sense of security of families.
In the defence issues, Isamaa emphasises the importance of stability, especially by keeping the defence expenses at not less than 2% of GDP, and supports the presence of allied troops in Estonia.
We also stand for keeping the tax exemption on 500 euro for low-salaried persons.
The term “conservatism”, which emerged in the last decade of the 18th century, denoted opposition to the French Revolution and other such movements.
The party Isamaa was born as a result of the merger of several, mainly rightist political parties. The beginnings of Isamaa party date back to 1988, when the Estonian National Independence Party was founded. That party laid the foundations for the election coalition Pro Patria, which won the elections in 1992, and the Pro Patria Union that was formed in 1995.
The Pro Patria and Res Publica Union was created when the party Pro Patria Union and Res Publica, which was founded as an association in 1989 and later became a political party, merged in 2006. The Pro Patria and Res Publica Union and its predecessors participated in the work of six governments. Former prime ministers Mart Laar and Juhan Parts are members of the party. In 2018, the party changed its name to Isamaa (Estonian: ISAMAA Erakond).
The general public mainly knows Isamaa by the radical market economy reforms carried out during the first half of the 1990s and initiated by the former Pro Patria Union and its Prime Minister Mart Laar. These reforms were known as shock therapy among the people, but they brought Estonia rapid economic success and the global reputation of an economic prodigy.
Mart Laar, who has also been the Prime Minister of Estonia several times, is the Honorary Chairman of Isamaa.
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