At today’s additional sitting, the Riigikogu passed the Act under which the Consumer Protection and Technical Regulatory Authority is designated to exercise supervision over providers of online intermediation services and search engines, information society service providers are obliged to render accessible their VAT identification numbers and the penalty payment and fine rates for failure to comply with precepts and obligations are specified.
The Act on Amendments to the Information Society Services Act (359 SE), initiated by the Government, is intended to ensure adequate and effective enforcement of the EU’s Platforms Regulation and the e-Commerce Directive, in order to ensure a fair and trusted online business environment that would function on uniform bases in the European Union internal market.
The main purpose of the Platforms Regulation, which mainly aims for informative clarity, is to make the conditions for the use of online intermediation services clearer and fairer for business users. Online intermediation services include information society services that allow business users to offer goods or services to consumers, with a view to facilitating the initiating of direct transactions.
In the European Union, it is intended to promote a fair, predictable, sustainable and trusted online business environment within the internal market. Online intermediation services and search engines are important in business and commerce, enabling new business models and innovation, and such services offer access to new markets and commercial opportunities. However, platform economy also raises challenges that need to be addressed in order to ensure justice certainty.
The Regulation seeks to ensure respect for the right to an effective remedy and to a fair trial as laid down in Article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and promote the application of the freedom to conduct a business as laid down in Article 16 of the Charter. This means that conditions are laid down for providers of intermediation services (platforms) that will help the persons using such services, that is, business users, to stand for their rights more easily and effectively, enabling them to use for example a complaint-resolution mechanism or the help of mediators before having recourse to a court.
Providers of online intermediation services (in particular, sales portals) and online search engines (portals and environments enabling Internet search) will have to adhere to the requirements that will be put in place. The requirements will not apply to online payment services or advertising tools, which are not provided with the aim of the facilitating the initiation of direct transactions and which do not involve a contractual relationship with consumers.
During the debate, Mart Helme (Estonian Conservative People’s Party) and Mihhail Stalnuhhin (Centre Party) took the floor.
70 members of the Riigikogu voted in favour of passing the Act and there was one abstention.
One Bill passed the first reading in the Riigikogu
The Bill on Amendments to the Local Government Organisation Act (397 SE), initiated by the Anti-Corruption Select Committee, will make an amendment that is necessary in order to avoid conflicts of interests in the work of the revision committees of local governments.
According to the Bill, a member of a revision committee may not work under an employment contract in an administrative agency of the same rural municipality or city, or perform the functions of the chief executive, director or member of the management board of a company, foundation or non-profit association under the control of the same rural municipality or city, or the head or deputy head of an agency under the administration of the administrative agency of the same rural municipality or city.
The explanatory memorandum notes that a member of the revision committee of a local government who works under an employment contract in an administrative agency of the same rural municipality or city is in a situation where he or she begins to exercise supervision over his or her immediate superior when he or she verifies and assesses the activities of his or her employer, that is, an administrative agency of the rural municipality or city government or an agency under the administration thereof. Thus, a member of the revision committee of a local government who works under an employment contract in an administrative agency of the rural municipality or city faces a conflict of interests and it is correct for him or her to withdraw himself or herself in such a situation.
During the debate, Martin Helme (Estonian Conservative People’s Party Party) and Heiki Hepner (Isamaa) took the floor.
The Estonian Conservative People’s Party Faction moved to reject the Bill at the first reading. 15 members of the Riigikogu voted in favour of the motion, 55 voted against and there were two abstentions. Thus, the motion was not supported and the first reading of the Bill was concluded.
The deadline for submission of motions to amend is 4.00 p.m. on 29 June.
The Riigikogu started the second reading of the Bill on Amendments to the Identity Documents Act
The Bill on Amendments to the Identity Documents Act and Amendments to Other Associated Acts (366 SE), initiated by the Government, will create a legal basis for the establishment of an automated biometric identification system database ABIS (hereinafter ABIS database).
The main purpose of the establishment of the ABIS database is to consolidate into a single database the biometric data that are acquired within the frameworks of various national proceedings and are currently entered into different databases, to use a single software in different information systems and to make one-to-one and one-to-multiple automatic comparisons of biometric data. If the biometric data are consolidated into a single national database, the state will be able to ensure a central and uniform approach to the processing thereof.
The biometric personal data to be consolidated into the ABIS database are collected and processed under various Acts already now but the infrastructure for processing the data is dispersed and does not enable to manage such data equally or uniformly, including to ensure the security of data. Besides, the current information technology solutions for personal identification and the verification of identity are outdated and they need to be updated.
During the debate, Tarmo Kruusimäe (Isamaa) and Ruuben Kaalep, Merry Aart, Siim Pohlak, Rene Kokk, Riho Breivel, Paul Puustusmaa, Alar Laneman, Mart Helme, Helle-Moonika Helme, Martin Helme, Urmas Reitelmann, Uno Kaskpeit, Henn Põlluaas, Leo Kunnas, Jaak Valge, Kert Kingo, Peeter Ernits, Anti Poolamets and Kalle Grünthal (Estonian Conservative People’s Party) took the floor. Mihhail Stalnuhhin (Centre Party) also took the floor.
The reviewing of the motions submitted to amend the Bill was adjourned due to the end of the working hours of the sitting at 9 p.m. The deliberation will continue at tomorrow’s additional sitting.
At the beginning of the additional sitting, the protests that had been submitted were heard and the specified agenda was approved.
The video recording of the sitting will be available on the Riigikogu YouTube channel.
(Please note that the recording will be uploaded with a delay.)
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